The PPJV publishes its e-newsletter "Pulse of the Prairies" a few times a year. If you are interested in prairie conservation, birds, science, or joint venture activities, please enter your email address in the "Newsletter Sign-up" box above.
With so many distractions confronting the people of this country, it seems gaining attention for land conservation – and ultimately wildlife conservation – is a tall order indeed. We have all viewed efforts to promote the conservation of oceans, wetlands, and even forests. However, we hear little about “grasslands,” yet, from a global perspective, temperate grasslands are one of the most altered biomes with the highest risk of disappearing.
South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks and PPJV Partners Continue to Deliver Wetland Restoration Projects on Public and Private Lands
In the fall of 2016, South Dakota Game, Fish and Parks Private Lands Habitat Program, along with Pheasants Forever, and private landowners completed 30 wetland restorations working across 3 project areas on public and private lands in northeastern South Dakota. These areas provide important habitat for waterfowl and other wetland and grassland dependent wildlife. Furthermore, several of the restored tracts provide great public access for waterfowl hunting and bird watching.
The Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) of the 1985 Food Security Act (a.k.a. Farm Bill) provides substantial benefits to grassland birds. Populations of grassland birds are declining at a steeper rate than any other group of North American birds and the Northern Great Plains has the highest diversity of grassland bird species on the continent, therefore optimizing the enrollment of CRP in this region is significantly important.
Grassland bird populations have shown the most widespread and significant declines of any avifaunal group in North America. The Prairie Pothole Region supports the core breeding populations for four of the most rapidly declining species, specifically Sprague’s pipit, chestnut-collared and McCown’s longspur, and Baird’s sparrow. Through the leadership of the Prairie Pothole Joint Venture, the Grassland Bird Technical Subcommittee is leading the development of a tri-national grassland bird conservation plan to address conservation needs throughout the full-annual cycle for these species.
Soil health practices have become increasingly popular among producers across North and South Dakota, and Ducks Unlimited (DU) is seeking opportunities to develop associated wildlife benefit and provide financial assistance to interested farmers. By incorporating more diversified crop rotations, reducing tillage, and incorporating cover crops, producers can improve soil structure, improve water infiltration and storage, increase organic matter, and increase microbial diversity in their soil.
I’m sure most, if not all of you, remember a phase used in 1992 by James Carville, a campaign strategist for a presidential candidate. He coined the phrase, “it’s the economy, s****d” and this was repeated over and over during the campaign for what became a successful bid for the White House. I wonder if those of us working in land conservation need to think about employing such an approach?
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Small Wetlands Acquisition Program perpetually protected almost 350,000 wetland acres and over one million grassland acres through conservation easements from 1987 through 2015. In addition, over 250,000 acres of land has been purchased in fee title and these lands are open to the public and provide recreational opportunities.
Like all good ideas, the Honey Bee and Monarch Butterfly Partnership started with a seed. More exactly, a diverse mix of seeds. This new voluntary conservation program distributes seed mixes to landowners, creating high diversity habitat for pollinating insects and upland birds on private lands.
As the South Dakota Prairie Butterfly Garden enters its fourth growing season, the perennial plants are spreading out of their original plots, making the garden appear like a South Dakota prairie. This outdoor learning area for adults and kids focuses on pollinators and the plants that sustain them. It is a place where people can get outside and discover how butterflies live, growing their understanding and appreciation of the conservation efforts involved with declining wildlife.
Established in 1937, DU has conserved more than 13.6 million acres of waterfowl habitat, thanks to partners and supporters across the continent. Today, the Great Plains Region office in Bismarck, N.D. works with landowners and partners to conserve grasslands and wetlands in the “Duck Factory.”
With the New Year around the corner, I hope each of you will have more positive reflections than negative about the year 2015. Not only do individuals reflect on their past, but so do organizations and partnerships. In doing so, they hope to recognize their foundation and gain wisdom from both successes and failures, allowing for thoughtful direction for the future. Learn more about the PPJV's and the Migratory Bird Joint Venture Coordinators' visions.
Despite functioning as individual self-directed partnerships, joint ventures hold dear an unwritten rule – “we rise and fall together.” With a partnership attitude and community success approach, the JV coordinators examined current challenges, ongoing strengths, and our future direction at a recent meeting in Chicago. The discussion and debate resulted in a group statement on where JVs have been and where they are going.
Good stewardship of private lands is critical for conservation of at-risk wildlife populations in the Prairie Potholes Region and beyond. In response, the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service teamed up with The Nature Conservancy of Montana to develop a tool that will remove or reduce threats to species on privately owned ranching and agricultural lands while giving assurances to landowners against further regulatory responsibilities in the event any of the species included in an agreement are listed under the ESA in the future.
The whooping crane is a federally endangered species that relies on land in North and South Dakota to help meet its energy needs during migration and reproduction. Working with researchers from the USGS Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center, members of the Habitat and Population Evaluation Team office used whooping crane observations, landscape data, and a model-based approach to identify habitat for whooping cranes migrating through the Dakotas.
Much of the Bakken Formation of Montana and North Dakota overlaps with important breeding waterfowl, shorebird, and waterbird habitat in the U.S. Prairie Pothole Region. In 2014, PPJV partners initiated a collaborative effort to investigate the potential impact of oil development and extraction in this area on breeding ducks. We describe the results of the effort in 2014 and 2015.
Landowners hold different values driving their decisions about how to manage their lands. rom the perspective of the PPJV, we value intact grasslands and wetlands across the landscape. Even though other users may not hold this same perspective, we respect their values so may they respect ours.
This May the PPJV and the South Dakota Grassland Coalition hosted a field tour of “Grassland Conservation on Private Lands” near Aberdeen, South Dakota. The purpose of the tour was to expose decision-makers to landowner perspectives on grassland conservation and land change, and to provide opportunities for developing new partnerships. Approximately 50 participants from across the nation attended the event.
Trumpeter swans were nearly wiped out by North American settlers. For 112 years, no swans called Iowa home. But that has changed. Since 1995 the Iowa Department of Natural Resources and its local partners have released 1,150 trumpeter swans, as well as restored wetlands and shallow lakes.
For more than 50 years The Nature Conservancy has been working in the Prairie Pothole Region. Since 2010 TNC has provided more than $14 million in matching funds to NAWCA projects, effectively leveraging more than $25 million in federal funds for wetland and grassland protection.
We continue to diligently proceed as a partnership on developing the side boards and content for the update to our 2005 PPJV Implementation Plan. State-level step-down plans will be included in the updated Implementation Plan. These step-down plans, known as PPJV State Tactical Plans, will provide details on how the Implementation Plan goals and objectives for the four bird groups will be implemented in each of the PPJV states.
The HAPET office and PPJV Technical Committee teamed up with the Montana conservation partners to expand the North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) throughout the state. In recent years, analysis of BBS data has indicated that breeding populations of several species of grassland nesting birds in the Northern Great Plains of eastern Montana have declined dramatically. Observations from the new routes will augment the existing survey database and provide additional information to land managers and researchers to inform bird conservation.
Our goal in the PPJV is to continue working together in partnership during both wet and dry years so the “table” is always set for when sufficient snow and rain falls on the prairies. In this issue of the e-news, we present some of the highlights from the PPJV for the last year by reporting on a number of state-specific accomplishments – accomplishments that help keep the “table” set.
The Minnesota Prairie Conservation Plan 2010 (MPCP) provides strategic direction for prairie upland and wetland habitat work. A completed plan is an accomplishment on its own, but without funding for implementation, often the actions in such plans are not completed. Fortunately, with the 2008 constitutional amendment increasing the Minnesota state sales tax by 3/8 of 1%, a strong and steady stream of funding was available to implement this plan.
South Dakota Department of Game, Fish, and Parks works cooperatively with farmers and ranchers to better manage wetland and grassland habitats. In 2014 GFP private lands biologists completed 75 projects with private landowner cooperators to enhance or restore 9,870 acres of upland habitat and 18 acres of wetland habitat within the Prairie Pothole Joint Venture.
Conservation partners in the Prairie Pothole Region of Montana, also referred to as the “Hi-Line”, have been delivering conservation for almost 30 years. Over the last 19 years, five NAWCA grants have conserved over 107,000 acres of grassland and wetland habitat. The most recent NAWCA grant will conserve more than 7,000 acres of critical wildlife habitat.
Populations of several species of breeding shorebirds in the PPR appear to be experiencing long-term declines. Marbled godwit, long-billed curlew, willet, Wilson’s phalarope, and American avocet are priority species, and Montana is an important state for them. To gain a better understanding of their vital rates, PPJV partners adopted a long-term adaptive conservation process that includes the Montana breeding shorebird project.
Conservation partners have come together to work on a large landscape-level project in the heart of the Prairie Pothole Region of North Dakota and northwest Minnesota. The Glaciated Wetland and Prairies project area is a very unique landscape containing some of the most numerous, productive and diverse wetland communities in the world. These wetlands are being threatened by surface and pattern tile drainage by agriculture, along with the conversion of native prairies to cropland.
As we wrap up another year, you can look back on 2014 and identify a number of things for which you are thankful. As Casey Stemler looks at 2014, through the lens of the PPJV Coordinator, he is thankful for our many committed partners who ARE the PPJV and for the many supporters of prairie conservation.
SDGFP recognizes that the majority of wildlife habitat is held by private landowners, making successful partnerships with producers critical. In recent years one of its most successful conservation efforts has been the James River Watershed Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program.
In 2013, the Minnesota Legislature passed legislation (H.F 976) that included directives requiring the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (DNR) to establish a pollinator habitat program.
The backbone of each migratory bird joint venture is its implementation plan. The plan guides the actions and investments taken by the joint venture. The time is now right for the PPJV to move forward with revising and updating the 2005 PPJV Implementation Plan.
The fact sheet introduces the region, the joint venture, its solid science, its commitment to prairie conservation, the involvement of landowners, and the conservation benefits of the joint venture's work. These fact sheets are designed to be a resources for PPJV staff, Management Board, Technical Committee, and partners.
As we embark on a new year, the attention focused on the prairies in 2013 will offer grand opportunities in 2014. Through your continued support and tireless dedication, the PPJV will make a positive and lasting difference!
With a tagline of “The Habitat Organization” Pheasants Forever works with landowners and partners across the Prairie Pothole Joint Venture to protect critical grassland and wetland habitats.
The Migratory Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp is a functional Federal license for waterfowl hunters, but it is a lot more than that. The Stamp is responsible for having collected about $900 million since its creation.
Recent widespread alteration of natural habitat (i.e., grasslands, forests, wetlands) due to human land-use modification magnifies the need to delineate and conserve important habitats to maintain wildlife populations.
You are receiving this e-newsletter as someone who may be interested in the prairies, migratory birds, other prairie dependent wildlife, the Prairie Pothole Joint Venture, or landscape science and conservation. As you read our first edition of e-news, we hope...
Conservation organizations and agencies from across the country have committed to helping balance the needs of wildlife and people with the rapid conversion of wetlands and grasslands in the Prairie Pothole Region. Learn about the priority action steps developed...
Partners within the PPJV are developing an integrated system to prioritize landscape-scale habitats that have the highest biological value for priority bird species...